Jericho is Oxford’s first suburb. In the seventeenth century Oxford was still a walled city; people approaching from the north after the city gates were closed could find shelter in an inn known as The Jericho House. The inn was later rebuilt and is now The Jericho Tavern in Walton Street.
The area developed significantly in the nineteenth century as houses were needed for workers. The construction of the Oxford Canal, the building of the Jericho Iron and Brass Foundry and the home of Oxford University Press all played a part in further expansion.
Jericho has appeared in literature, from Thomas Hardy (Jude The Obscure) through Colin Dexter (Inspector Morse) to Philip Pullman (Northern Lights).